There is a unique phenomenon in the 20th century. There are many countries in Europe, Asia, and Central and South America. Every once in a while, there will be huge waves of exiles. . These periodic waves of exile are, of course, closely related to the totalitarian political movements of this century. The rise of international communism and the Nazi-fascist regime, the two extreme left and right totalitarian forces, are the source of the world's exile.
Although the Nazi movement banner design faded due to Germany's defeat, communism has successfully driven a large number of Belarusians to run around the world since the Russian Revolution of 1917, until recently tens of thousands of East Germans fled to West Germany, and the Eastern European communist countries have played a domino effect. For many years, the Eurasian continent has seen a steady stream of exiles fleeing communist regimes.
Among the exiles, there are of course a considerable number of writers. In fact, these writers have formed a tradition of exile literature, occupying a place in Western literature. Thomas F. Mann, Hesse, Brecht, those who fled the communist country, Ivan Bunin, Nabukov in Russia in the early years, Sorennitsin and Joseph Brodsky in recent times, and of course the Eastern European one. Large groups of writers, such as Kanetti, Miwash, Kundera, are the most famous, and several are Nobel Prize winners. If you add minor writers, the list is very long. This group of exiled writers, living in a different city, cherishes their homeland, their hearts are also in danger, and their feelings are also sad. Their thoughts are profound, their writing is gloomy, intentionally or unintentionally, they always reveal the pain of wandering and helpless in exile, and their literature is often deeply touching.